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St Michael With St John Church of England Controlled Primary School home page

St Michael With St John Church of England Primary School

Nurture, Inspire, Achieve!

Year 1

Year 1 Rationale

Pupils begin in the autumn term of Year 1 by developing their locational knowledge of the United Kingdom and how it is divided into four countries, using atlases and maps to help them develop their geographical skills/fieldwork and mapping. They will also learn that the world has five different oceans and seven continents, exploring basic weather patterns and the hottest and coldest parts of the world, further developing knowledge of physical geography.  Finally pupils will be able to draw comparisons between the UK and another continent.

In the spring term they build upon their locational knowledge by exploring the countries that make up the UK and discuss the geographical features of each country. Pupils develop their place knowledge with the study of capital cities within each of these countries. We also address the human geographical knowledge by understanding the reason for a capital city and discussing important facts and landmarks of a capital city such as Cardiff.  Pupils also discuss place knowledge with regards to where they live i.e Blackburn and the surrounding area, which also provides an opportunity to discuss human geographical knowledge by drawing on comparisons between Blackburn and a coastal town such as Lytham. Whilst studying a coastal town, we follow on by discussing the sea and how large bodies of water can be made up of different seas and the relevance of this with regards to the UK. Pupils also briefly touch on why these waters are useful to us in terms of providing transport methods for trade and leisure.


In summer term pupils will revisit the geographical location of where they live, physical geography and discuss seasonal and daily weather patterns. The pupils will carry out a field study based on the geography of our school building and grounds. They will use maps and aerial photography to conduct their fieldwork whilst also using directional language to navigate a route. In the classroom they will investigate the use of symbols in maps and make one of their own to depict areas of local importance. The pupils will carry out an evaluation of the grounds with recommendations for positive change.