Years 1 and 2: Working Scientifically
Working Scientifically is an integral part of teaching and learning Science and this is built upon throughout the year groups. Children in Years 1 and 2 are taught to be inquisitive by asking questions and using practical devices to see if they are able to find their own answers and to orally discuss what they notice. To help the children develop their scientific understanding, they will be encouraged to use a range of scientific enquiry such as; observing closely, using simple equipment, performing simple tests, identifying and classifying, using their observations to generate questions and using their findings to help to answer questions. Children are given the opportunity to use and develop these skills across KS1 to ensure that knowledge is deepened and developed so they are secure to move on.
Year 1 Rationale
Seasonal Changes is taught across the school year in order for pupils to be immersed in the understanding of what each season represents. We believe that pupils have a deeper understanding of seasons if they are able to experience it first hand. The children will carry out a variety of investigations for each season as well as written, oral and artistic representations of each. We use our wonderful school grounds to aid this with the children being responsible for photographic evidence to observe and classify each season.
Autumn 1 and 2
Biology: Animals including humans
Pupils will be taught a variety of common animals including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals and will be able to classify each animal group using basic knowledge of characteristics. They will look at the basic structure of these animals and learn the words vertebrae and invertebrate. Pupils will begin to look at the differences between carnivores, omnivores and herbivores and will be able to name some animals from each group. A trip to the local park will enthuse the children to ask questions about habitats and what animals may be able to or not be able to live there.
Spring 1 and 2
Pupils will begin to look at plants in a new way and will begin to use science terminology to describe plants, including trees, such as, deciduous and evergreen. Children will observe common wild and garden plants through a variety of methods such as first hand observations, secondary research, observational drawings and discussion. Pupils will start by identifying the basic structures of these plants.
Chemistry: Everyday Materials
Pupils will have the opportunity to distinguish between an object and the material in which it is made from. For example; children will become explorers and will go on a hunt to find material that would be good to build a house or to pour a drink into. The children will focus on the materials wood, plastic, metal, water and rock and will be able to describe ,in simple terms, their properties and what they may be used for.
Biology: Animals including Humans
Moving on from their learning in Autumn, the children will continue their understanding of the human body by exploring and investigating the human body and senses. They will determine which sense matches which part of the body which will be done in a practical way. The children will be able to identify, name, draw and label basic parts of the body and will be able to compare it to other animals. They will recap herbivores, omnivores and carnivores.