Year 3 Rationale
In the autumn term of Year 3, the children will build upon their locational knowledge from Key Stage 1, by revisiting maps with a particular focus on cities and counties within the UK. They will build on the learning from Key Stage 1 by learning about counties, and how they make up the United Kingdom, before focusing on the county in which they live. They will continue to look at a range of maps to learn about the county they live in, the town they live in and the surrounding villages. They will build upon their prior knowledge of physical and human features by learning how these aspects affect and impact the lives of the people who live in the local area. They will finish the unit by comparing current maps of the local area to maps from the past, exploring how the area has changed over time and how the lives of the people who live there have changed.
In the spring term, children will build upon previous locational knowledge by revisiting maps, with a particular focus on the world and identifying countries within it. They will be introduced to Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, Equator, Longitude and Latitude vocabulary and explore the meanings of these. Children will learn about the natural disasters caused by volcanoes and earthquakes, why they occur and where in the world they have happened. Children will use maps to plot the locations of some of these natural disasters and see if there are any patterns to their formation and explain their findings. Children will learn about the effects volcanoes and earthquakes have on the physical and human features where they have occurred.
In the summer term, children will build upon their locational knowledge from the Autumn term by revisiting maps of the UK and locating major cities within the UK. Pupils will also research National Parks with a primary focus on the Lake District. Using maps and compasses, pupils will build upon their geographical skills and knowledge of directional language to identify the Lake District and its location relative to where they live. They will use their understanding of place knowledge to draw comparisons with other National Parks and discuss the physical and human features of the Lake District. Pupils will also take a look back in history to understand the Roman influence on the area.