Year 4 Rationale
In the autumn term of Year 4, the children will revisit prior locational knowledge by discussing the local area of Blackburn and the topography of the area. Pupils will also draw comparisons with neighbouring northern county of Cumbria (NW county), Carlisle (major city in Cumbria) and barrow-in-furness (town in Cumbria) and also the eastern border counties of Yorkshire.
Pupils study the physical/human features of a region with a focus on London, our capital city, in more detail during this unit, further developing their human geographical learning. They progress onto developing their fieldwork skills by using a range of maps to identify physical and human features and land use in the area. Pupils will learn about human geography and how this affects economy and trade in the area and also draw upon prior knowledge to make comparisons between London and their local area such as Merseyside/Greater Manchester. Pupils will also discuss the Great Plague and the impact it had on the city of London.
In the spring term, pupils will build on their locational knowledge and fieldwork learning in year 3 by looking at world maps and revisiting the Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, Equator, longitude and latitude. They will explore Europe and the countries within it, before focusing on a particular country (Italy) and specific region (city of Rome). Pupils will learn about the physical geographical features of this region, looking at the climate, weather patterns, vegetation belts, landscape (rivers/mountains), thematic maps (temperature, language, population etc..), before drawing on prior knowledge and thinking about why people settled in this region. They will learn about how the physical features of the region affect the human geographical features, for example, settlement size, land use, economic activity, trade links and transport.
Pupils will also discuss another European country such as France, giving them the opportunity to apply and build upon their physical and human geographical knowledge from their prior learning on Italy.
Finally pupils will also apply their physical and human geographical knowledge to compare an Eastern European country, such as Estonia, with our own country.
In the summer term, pupils will revisit learning regarding locational knowledge, by looking at world maps, this time with a focus on the oceans that separate the continents of the world. They will expand on their previous physical knowledge of the UK by looking at water sources and highlighting those that can be identified on a UK map such as rivers. Pupils will also discuss the differences between rivers and other bodies of water such as lakes, reservoirs, canals and streams, and how these can be identified on local maps of the area. Children will learn about rivers and their features, water flow and how streams/rivers are identified and how they are connected to the sea. Children will finish the unit by building upon their prior human geographical knowledge of land use and settlements by identifying the reasons why people created settlements near water and why this may have changed over time.