Year 4 Rationale
History in Year 4 starts with children showing increasing knowledge of the past by making links between and across periods, using specialist dates and terms and identifying where some periods studied fit into a chronological framework during The Great Plague. Pupils begin to understand some simple aspects of The Great Plague. To apply this knowledge, they write a historical letter in the role of a victim of the Plague, describing all of the symptoms that they have learnt about. With a link to maths, pupils have the opportunity to create a bar chart or pictogram using one section of the ‘Bill of Mortality’ and use this to draw observations and conclusions about The Great Plague. Sources are used to enable children to devise historically valid questions about change, cause and significance.
In the Summer term, pupils explore Ancient Egypt, including the River Nile through enquiry, interpretation and communication, again with a focus on chronology, events, people and changes. Pupils enquire about the ways of life in Ancient Egypt, understand some significant aspects of history, including the nature of civilisations and note connections, trends and contrasts over time in Ancient Egypt. Year 4 understand some of the methods of historical enquiry, and how evidence is used to make detailed observations to find answers to questions about the past. As their main writing task, pupils write a journal entry, from the point of view of Howard Carter, who first discovered Tutankhamun’s tomb in 1922. Here they demonstrate, independently, what they know about what he, and many other archaeologists have found out about Ancient Egyptians based on artefacts found in the tombs. In groups, children finally create a presentation, showcasing what they know about Ancient Egypt and the River Nile, focusing on their oracy skills and including dates and precise facts to make their presentations historically valid.