Pupils develop a deep understanding of the numbers to 10, including the composition of each number. They learn different methods for subitising (recognising quantities without counting) up to 5. Pupils recall number bonds to 5 and 10, no longer referring to rhymes, counting or other aids to support when they are secure with this skill. They progress onto adding and subtracting single-digit numbers, counting on or back to determine the answer accurately.
Pupils verbally count beyond the number 20, recognising the pattern of the counting system. They compare quantities up to 10 in different contexts, recognising quantities greater than, less than or the same as another. Pupils explore and represent patterns up to 10, including evens, odds, double facts and quantities which can be distributed equally.
Shape, Space and Measure
Pupils use everyday language to discuss size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time, money and to solve problems. They investigate everyday objects and shapes, using mathematical language to describe them.