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St Michael With St John Church of England Controlled Primary School home page

St Michael With St John Church of England Primary School

Nurture, Inspire, Achieve!

Year 4

Year 4 Rationale

Throughout Year 4 children build upon their learning from Year 3 and they learn and develop their skills in Singing, Listening, Composing, Musicianship and Performing through Wider Opportunities. Lessons are taught by a professional Music tutor from Bolton Music Service. They develop an awareness and understanding of music from other cultures and the history of music whilst working towards completing an Arts Award. They learn to play a musical instrument and develop good finger and hand techniques and learn about the correct posture and tone whilst playing. They develop their self-confidence and ensemble performance through peer-to-peer showcase and class performance. 


Children learn to show control of dynamics, tempo and articulation when singing and playing, following physical signals and written symbols: (p f < > crescendo, decrescendo, accelerando, rallentando, staccato, legato). They learn to listen with increasing concentration and describe how the inter-related dimensions of music can be used to create different moods and effects. Throughout the year, children develop an awareness and understanding of music of other cultures. They learn to appreciate and understand a growing range of live and recorded music drawn from different traditions and historical periods and from great composers and musicians.


Children learn to confidently identify patterns of one and two sounds per beat plus rests and two beat sounds and use rhythm names. They play and perform simple melodies using a small range of notes, following staff notation. They copy short melodic phrases using a small number of notes, recognising pitch changes by ear. They recognise the symbols for minims, crotchets, quavers and crotchet rests. They read and clap/tap a 4 beat pattern that contains minims, crotchets, quavers and crotchet rests. They read and perform pitch notation within a defined range. They become more skilled in improvising on a given note range.


Children learn to compose in response to different stimuli, thoughtfully using the inter-related dimensions of music to create specific effects and atmospheres, and record using standard and graphic notation. They structure musical ideas to create music that has a beginning, middle and end. They compose rhythmic patterns using crotchets, paired quavers, minims and crotchet rests to create sequences of 2-, 3- or 4-beat phrases. They combine known rhythmic notation with letter names to create short pentatonic phrases using a limited range of 5 pitches.


Lessons allow children to play and perform in solo and ensemble contexts, playing with increasing accuracy, fluency, control and expression. Children evaluate their learning and make improvements to their own work, giving reasons for changes made.